STDs are illnesses that have a significant probability of transmission between humans by means of sexual contact. The prompt and efficient diagnosis with treatment of some of STDs, especially when in early stage, can prevent their spread to new partners. If left untreated could result in complications such as infertility, pregnancy loss, fetal abnormalities, or involvement of other parts of the body. Our Providers at High Valley Dermatology specialize in the treatment of these conditions.
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are common viruses that can cause warts. There are more than 100 types of HPV. Most are harmless, but about 30 types put you at risk for cancer. These types affect the genitals spread by sexual contact. They are classified as either low-risk or high-risk. Low-risk HPV can cause genital warts. High-risk HPV can cause cervical cancer.
Although some people develop genital warts from HPV infection, others have no symptoms. Your health care provider can treat or remove the warts. In women, Pap smears can detect changes in the cervix that might lead to cancer.
Correct usage of latex condoms greatly reduces, but does not eliminate, the risk of catching or spreading HPV. A vaccine can protect against several types of HPV, including some that can cause cancer.
Treatments: includes cryotherapy or topical medications.
The herpes simplex virus (HSV) can cause blisters and sores almost anywhere on the skin. These sores usually occur either around the mouth and nose, or on the genitals and buttocks.
HSV infections can be very annoying because they can periodically reappear. The sores may be painful and unsightly. For chronically ill people and newborn babies, the viral infection can be serious, but rarely fatal.
There are two types of HSV – Type 1 and Type 2
The Type 1 virus causes cold sores. Most people get Type 1 infections during infancy or childhood. They usually catch it from close contact with family members or friends who carry the virus. It can be transmitted by kissing, sharing eating utensils, or by sharing towels. The sores most commonly affect the lips, mouth, nose, chin or cheeks and occur shortly after exposure. Patients may barely notice any symptoms or need medical attention for relief of pain.
The Type 2 virus causes genital sores. Most people get Type 2 infections following sexual contact with an infected person. The virus affects anywhere between 5 and 20 million people, or up to 20 percent of all sexually active adults in the United States.
With either type of herpes simplex, you can spread lesions by touching an unaffected part of the body after having a herpes lesion.
Treatment includes oral anti-virals and topical medications.